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Sign: Azor - Archaeological Garden - The crunching facility

Sprinzak St 15, Azor, Israel
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On the sign:
מתקן הפריכה
בבית הבד היו שני מתקנים נפרדים ששימשו בשלבים העיקריים בעצירת השמן - פריכה (ריסוק) וסחיטה.
מתקן הפריכה - "רחיים של זיתים" (משנה, זבים ד:3) - מורכב מאגן תחתון (1) שעליו הונחו הזיתים, ואבן עליונה (2) עגולה, שריסקה אותם. תנועת הסיבוב של המתקן הושגה באמצעות ציר עץ אנכי ויצול עץ אופקי שחיברו בין אגן הריסוק לאבן העליונה. הפעלת המתקן התבצעה בכוח בהמה ולעתים גם בכוח אדם. לאחר הפריכה נאסף רסק הזיתים בסלים (עקלים) והועבר למתקן הסחיטה, לצורך הפקת השמן.

אבן ריסוק / מוצא לא ידוע / אבן גיר / מס’ רשות 1996-847

אגן ריסוק / מוצא יהוד / אבן גיר / מס’ רשות 2004-2520
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The sign is part of a display located in the archeological garden in Azor (in the area of the Citadel of the Plain - Chateau de Plan)

The crunching facility was photographed that day Click for a larger image

Another crunch facility is located in the archeological garden at Givat Hatitora - Modi’in Click for sign's details

Translation of the text on the sign:

The crunching facility
The oil press had two separate facilities that were used in the main stages of the oil production - crunching and squeezing.
The crunching device - "Millstone of olives" (Mishnah, Zebim D: 3) - consists of a lower basin (1) on which the olives were placed, and a round stone (2), which crushed them. The rotational movement of the installation was achieved by means of a vertical wooden hinge and horizontal wood shaft that connected the crushing basin to the upper stone. The facility was operated by animal power and sometimes also by manpower. After crunching, the olive paste was collected in baskets (curls) and transferred to the squeezing facility, for the purpose of extracting the oil.

Crushing stone / Unknown origin / Limestone / Authority No. 1996-847

Crushing Basin / Yehud origin / Limestone / Authority No. 2004-2520

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