The White City
A name given to the center of Tel Aviv where thousands of Bauhaus-style buildings are concentrated, this largest cluster in the world led to this area being declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2003
Most of the buildings were built between 1929-1950 under the direction of the city engineer, Yaakov Ben-Sira, is considered the father of the "White City" and even received a commemorative sign as part of the "In This House" project commemorating artists who lived in Tel Aviv
The symbol of the white city (which appears at the beginning of the page) is found at the entrances to the city of Tel Aviv
The buildings in the White City are mostly concentrated in the city center in the areas of Rothschild Boulevard, Montefiore Street, but buildings can also be found in the area of Nordau Boulevard in the north
or in the Florentine neighborhood in the south
The name "White City" was probably given because of the bright plaster used in the buildings, the simplicity of construction, and the design of wide streets with public gardens. A style that gave a sense of space and light.
At 29 Idelson Street in Tel Aviv is the Liebling House - the White City Center, established in collaboration with the Tel Aviv - Jaffa Municipality and the German government, with the aim of presenting and preserving the "White City" project. The center hosts exhibitions, seminars, lectures and more (interesting that although the building is in the style that justifies "its own sign", we could not find a sign from this series on the building) Click for a larger image "Bauhaus" style (international style)
Bauhaus was a design school that operated in Germany in the early twentieth century, from which many architects emerged, some of whom created the "international style".
The international style advocated functional construction as opposed to the construction style that preceded it which advocated the addition of many ornaments and unnecessary elements. The international style is so named because it is supposed to suit construction anywhere in the world. In this style the use that will be made of the structure is what determines its shape and influences its design. Selection of buildings
Buildings that have "won" the sign are buildings that have been preserved and renovated, and they constitute only a small part of the buildings included in the heritage site. It is likely that over the years, many buildings will be added to the list.
Here are some of the buildings:
Haneviim House - Ahad Ha’am 35
, Zelczer house - Allenby St 19
, 44 Balfour
, Gogol House - 36 Montefiore
, Eliezer Bernstein house - 9 Allenby
, Delfiner House - 60 Jehuda Halevi
Not only residential houses are included in the White City buildings, you can also find the transformation station on Eilat Street
, the water tower on Maza’a Street
Gan Yaakov near the Heichal Hatarbut
and even the Tel Aviv Lighthouse
About the signs
Most of the signs are in a uniform format dictated by the Tel Aviv Municipality.
The format includes: illustration of the building, address in 3 languages (Hebrew, Arabic and English), description of the building in 3 languages and at the bottom of the sign the text: "Building for preservation in the White City", accompanied by the White City emblem, Tel Aviv emblem, World Heritage project emblem and UNESCO
The signs themselves appear in several forms:
1. Aluminum pallet placed on the wall of the building
2. Aluminum plate placed on a pillar (designed in a minimalist way)
3. A panel covered with a glass frame and including a lighting element
(In the next picture taken in the early morning hours, the sign can be seen in its lighted condition Click for a larger image
), there are cases in which in this format, another plaque with the building address was added
There are a number of buildings with signs in a different format in which only the Hebrew and English languages appear, it is possible that this was before a permanent standard was issued for signs of this type, for example: Beit Soskin