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Sign: Netanya - Heritage Sites in Israel - "Mitzpe Hayam" - The Water Tower

HaGdud Haivri St 4, Netanya, Israel
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On the sign:
סמל המועצה לשימור אתרי מורשת בישראל
סמל החברה הממשלתית לתיירות
סמל העיר נתניה

מצפה הים - מגדל המים
"מצפה הים" הוקם כקיבוץ ימי שבסיס פרנסתו היה ענף הדיג, אבל מטרתו המוסווית הסודית הייתה לשמש נמל לקליטת מעפילים. חבריו היו חברי גרעיני הכשרה של השומר הצעיר.
מגדל המים נבנה ב-1936 על ידי אנשי שכונת עין התכלת ובשיתוף מצפה הים.
בתחילה התגוררו המתיישבים באהלים, וכחדר האוכל שימש בית אריזה. כאשר נולדו הילדים נבנה בית אבן בן שתי קומות, כאשר בקיר האחורי שלו שפנה לכיוון הים, 8 חלוונות. מגדל המים ובית האבן שימשו לאיתות וקשר עם יישובי הסביבה ועם ספינות המעפילים בים.
בתחילה עבדו החברים בפרדסי הסביבה ובמושבה נתניה, אך עם הגידול במספר החברים פותחו ענפי המשק הקיבוצי וגם ענף הדיג. המעגן והסירות של הקיבוץ עמדו לשירות "ההגנה" וסייעו בפעולות ה"העפלה".
המגדל שוקם על ידי עיריית נתניה בשיתוף המועצה לשימור מבנים ואתרי התיישבות

"Mitzpe Hayam"-The Water Tower
Founded as kibbutz near Netanya, Mitzpe Hayam served as a cover for the hiding of illegal immigrant activity. While the main income of the kibbutz was from fishing, its hidden aim was for use as a port to absorb illegal immigrants. The kibbutz members were part of the "Shomer Hatsa"ir (The Young Guard) movement, later founding the kibbutz settlements of Amir, Yad Mordechai and Shoval.
The Water Tower was built in 1936 by the residents of Ein Hatchelet together with Mitzpe Hayam.
In the earliest days of the kibbutz, the residents lived in tents, and the dining room served also as a packing station. When the first children were born a two storey, stone house was built. Its back wall faced the sea with 8 windows. The water tower and the stone house were used to communicate with the surrounding settlements and with the illegal ships at sea.
The first kibbutz members worked in the surrounding orchards and in the community farm, Netanya. But with the increase in the number of members, branches of farming were developed in addition to fishing. The harbor and the boats of the kibbutz were put to the use of the "Hagana" and helped the illegal operations.
The Water Tower was preserved by the Netanya Municipality and the Israeli Council of Preservation and Historic Sites.
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The sign shape is square but its head is designed according to the silhouette of the old building of the Gymnasia Herzliya, which serves as a logo of the Council for the Preservation of Heritage Sites in Israel

The tower was photographed on the day the sign was taken Click for a larger image

Also on the tower is a sign composed of clay tiles with the caption: the water tower 1967 Click for a larger image

Translation of the text on the sign:
Symbol of the Council for the Preservation of Israeli Heritage Sites
The emblem of the government tourism company
Netanya city emblem

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