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Sign: Tel Aviv - London Garden - The story of the illegal immigration - The ship "Henrietta Szold"

Address:
HaYarkon St 83, Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel
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On the sign:
הנרייטה סולד
ספינת עץ של כ-100 טון, הובילה מיוון כ-550 מעפילים. כולל 300 ילדים, ביניהם יתומים רבים בגילאים שונים. הספינה נעצרה ליד חופי הארץ ע"י משחתות בריטיות. המעפילים הועברו לאניות גירוש לאחר מאבק אלים עם המלחים הבריטים. לראשונה גורשו מעפילים מארץ ישראל לקפריסין. בזאת החל המעצר והגירוש של מעפילים למחנות בקפריסין שנמשך שנתיים וחצי. בתקופה זו נעצרו בים ע"י הצי הבריטי 39 ספינות ובהן 52,000 מעפילים אשר הועברו לאניות הגירוש והובלו לקפריסין בעל כורחם. הבריטים העריכו כי הגירוש והמעצר הממושך ייאשו את המעפילים, אך ספינות המעפילים המשיכו להגיע. מחנות המעצר בעתלית ובקפריסין התמלאו עד אפס מקום, והבריטים נאלצו לאפשר לחלק מהעצורים עליה.

Henrietta Szold
A wooden ship of about 100 tons, which brought about 550 illegal immigrants from Greece including 300 children, with many orphans of different age among them. The ship was captured near the shores of Eretz Yisrael by British ships. After a violent struggle with British sailors, the immigrants were transferred to deportation ships. At first, the Ma’apilim (illegal immigrants) were deported to Cyprus. This was the beginning of the illegal immigrants’ deportation to detention camps in Cyprus, a process that lasted two and a half years. During that period, the British navy captured 39 ships with 52,000 illegal immigrants, who were deported to Cyprus against their will. The British expected that deportation and prolonged detention would discourage others from trying, but more ships with illegal immigrants continued to arrive. Detention camps in Atlit and Cyprus became full and the British authorities were forced to allow people in camps to make Aliyah (immigration).

[תמונה]
הספינות "יגור" ו"הנרייטה סולד" לקראת גירוש לקפריסין, תש"ו-1946
[Image]
The Ships "Yagur" and "Henrietta Szold" before deportation to Cyprus, 1946
Photography:
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Comments:
Part of the story of the "illegal immigration" that stretches along the silhouettes of the Ships in London Garden.

The sign is on the right side of one of the "ships" in London Park Click for a larger image Click for a larger image

Note: The picture shown on the sign says that the year is 1949, this is a mistake and should be 1946




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