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Sign: Ramla - a monument to the victims of the 42nd Battalion of the Kiryati Brigade

Ha-Hagana St 4, Ramla, Israel
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On the sign:
אנדרטה לחללי גדוד 42 מחטיבת קרייתי
גדוד 42 אורגן במסגרת חטיבת קרייתי בראשית מלחמת העצמאות, על יסוד חברי ארגון ה’הגנה’ במרחב תל אביב. לוחמיו השתתפו בקרבות הגבול שבין יפו ותל אביב; במבצע ’נחשון’ להשתלטות על הדרך לירושלים; במבצע ’חמץ’ במרחב שממזרח לתל אביב; ובכיבוש מחנות צריפין לאחר הפינוי הבריטי.

במהלך חודש יולי 1948 השתתפו לוחמי הגדוד במבצע ’דני’, להשתלטות על שדה התעופה, הערים לוד ורמלה והמרחב הכפרי ממזרח להן.
בפרוץ מלחמת העצמאות הייתה רמלה עיר ערבית ובה כ- 18,000 תושבים. דרכה עברה הדרך הראשית מתל אביב ומיפו לירושלים, שהייתה חסומה לתחבורה היהודית.
על לוחמי גדוד 42 הוטל לתקוף את שכנותיה המערבית של רמלה.

התקפתם הראשונה, ביום ה- 10 ביולי 1948, במהלכה נהרג אחד הלוחמים, נבלמה. למחרת תקפו כוחות צה"ל האחרים את לוד והכניעוה. כתוצאה מכן נכנעה העיר רמלה, ובבוקר ה- 12 ביולי 1948 (ה’ בתמוז תש"ח) הועברה השליטה בעיר, בבניין המשטרה שבמרכזה ובבניין המשטרה שבכביש רמלה-לוד (כיום בית הסוהר), לידי לוחמי גדוד 41.

באנדרטה מונצחים 35 לוחמי גדוד 42 מחטיבת ’קרייתי’ שנפלו בקרבות השונים במהלך מלחמת העצמאות.

בוצע ע"י משרד הביטחון
היחידה להנצחת החייל
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The monument was photographed on the same day and the text appears on it:
The victims of the 42nd Battalion (Kiryati) who fell on the conquest of Ramla and the battles of the War of Independence
Click for a larger image

In the center of a plaque with the words:
In memory of the defenders of the homeland
In a tree, lightning struck but it broke fertilized branches
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And the names of the 35 fallen
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Translation of the text on the sign:

A monument to the victims of the 42nd Battalion of the Kiryati Brigade
The 42nd Battalion was organized as part of the Kiryati Brigade at the beginning of the War of Independence, on the basis of members of the Haganah organization in the Tel Aviv area. Its fighters took part in the border battles between Jaffa and Tel Aviv; In Operation Nachshon to take over the road to Jerusalem; In Operation Chametz in the area east of Tel Aviv; And in the occupation of the Zrifin camps after the British evacuation.

During July 1948, the battalion’s fighters took part in Operation ’Dani’, taking control of the airport, the cities of Lod and Ramla and the countryside east of them.
At the outbreak of the War of Independence, Ramla was an Arab city with about 18,000 inhabitants. The main road passed from Tel Aviv and Jaffa to Jerusalem, which was blocked to Jewish transportation.
The fighters of the 42nd Battalion were ordered to attack the western neighbors of Ramla.

Their first attack, on July 10, 1948, during which one of the fighters was killed, was stopped. The next day, the other IDF forces attacked Lod and surrendered it. As a result, the city of Ramla surrendered, and on the morning of July 12, 1948 (5th of Tammuz 1948), control of the city, the police building in the center and the police building on the Ramla-Lod road (now the prison), was transferred to the 41st Battalion fighters.

The monument commemorates 35 fighters from the 42nd Battalion of the Kiryati Brigade who fell in the various battles during the War of Independence.

Performed by the Ministry of Defense
The unit for commemorating the soldier
As part of the events of the sixtieth anniversary of the State of Israel

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