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LONDON UNDERGROUND HISTORY
Our heritage: The Jubilee line
In 2019, the Jubilee line celebrated its 40th anniversary, although many parts of the line date back much further. The foundation of the line was put in place in the early 1930s, with the construction of the Metropolitan Railway’s branch line to Stanmore. In 1939, in an attempt to improve capacity of trains running through Baker Street, the Stanmore branch was transferred to the Bakerloo line.
The creation of the Jubilee line in the 1970s did not involve the construction of wholly new stations, but rather the ambitious tunnelling of a new route through central London, connecting Baker Street and Charing Cross via Bond Street and Green Park. The line was formally opened on 30 April 1979, with Prince Charles driving the first train into the new terminus at Charing Cross, as seen below.
In 1999, eleven new stops opened on the Jubilee line as part of massive redevelopment project. While each station on the extension was designed by a different architect, all were constructed from the same materials, leading to a sense of continuity along the line, as seen in the photo of Westminster below. Twenty years later, many of these stations are considered modern design classics.
[1979: Prince Charles drives the first train at the new terminal at Charing Cross
2015: Modern train station on the Jubilee line
Right: An ad announcing the expansion of the Jubilee line]
MAYOR OF LONDON
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© TFL courtesy of the London Transport Museum