Oxford Castle is a castle in Oxford that was used primarily as a prison, and also played an important role in the 12th century in the Civil War in England ("Anarchy").
Construction of Oxford Castle began in 1071 by Robert D’Oyly, a Norman nobleman who was appointed sheriff of Oxford county by William I after the conquest of England. D’Oyly also built the Church of St. Georges which was completed in 1074
During the anarchy (English Civil War) the forces of the Norman King Stephen conquered Oxford Castle where Matilda (Empress Maude) was staying, but she managed to escape from there
From 1239 the castle began to be used as a prison
In another Civil War, called the First Civil War (1642-1646) between supporters of Parliament and supporters of the monarchy, Oxford was the capital of supporters of the monarchy, and dissenters were detained at St Georges Tower
In 1863 the last execution was carried out at Oxford Castle
The prison continued to function until 1996
and the castle as a historic site was opened to the public in 2006
. Oxford Preservation Trust
The association, founded in 1927 and responsible for creating the route, was established with the aim of preserving the heritage of the city of Oxford as well as preserving its "green spaces". One of the associations famous projects is the restoration of Oxford Castle and especially the St Georges Tower.
Additional signs displayed on the associations website are placed on the buildings at Oxford Castle, for example
About the signs
The signs are metal discs in a round shape, placed on the ground and connected by a narrow metal strip that forms the track.
In the center of the sign is the year of the event, and the description of the event in the upper arc.