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Sign: Gedera - Heritage Sites in Israel - The Bilus pit

Meginim St 15, Gedera, Israel
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On the sign:
סמל המועצה לשימור אתרי מורשת בישראל
סמל המועצה המקומית גדרה
סמל משרד התרבות והספורט

בור הביל"ויים
חפירתו נסתיימה בנובמבר 1885.
כשנה לאחר עליית הביל"ויים על הקרקע הם עמדו לקבל סוסים. הרישיון לבניית אורווה עוכב על ידי השלטונות התורכים בקוותם לשוחד (בקשיש), לפיכך החלו בבנייתה ללא רישיון. בעקבות הלשנת אנשי הכפר הערבי הסמוך בפני השלטונות נהרסה האורווה.
הביל"ויים ניצלו חוק עותומאני, אשר לפיו אין הורסים מבנה שגגו הושלם. במהירות חפרו בור גדול וכיסוהו בגג לפני שהגיעו נציגי השלטון. בגלל מצוקת דיור שוכנו ב"בור" גם אנשים. מחיצה שהותקנה בבור הפרידה בין בעלי-החיים ובין מגורי ארבעה רווקים, ואילו יעקב חנקין ורעייתו גרו מעל התקרה. כשלוש שנים התגוררו אנשים בתנאים מוזרים וקשים אלו.

האתר הוקם ביוזמתו ובביצועו של גדעון הנקין ז"ל, צאצא למשפחת הביל"ויים.
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The sign shape is square but its head is designed according to the silhouette of the old building of the Gymnasia Herzliya, which serves as a logo of the Council for the Preservation of Heritage Sites in Israel

The following photo taken that day shows the "pit" area Click for a larger image

Translation of the text on the sign:
Symbol of the Council for the Preservation of Israeli Heritage Sites
The emblem of Local Council Gedera
The emblem of the Ministry of Culture and Sport

The Bilus pit
His excavation ended in November 1885.
About a year after the Bilus came to Gedera, they were about to receive horses. The stable building license was delayed by the Turkish authorities hoping for a bribe (Bakshish), and therefore began to build it without a license. The stable was destroyed because informing of the Arabs nearby villages to the authorities.
The Bilus took advantage of an Ottoman law, according to which no building was destroyed whose roof was completed. A large pit and its roof were dug before the government officials arrived. Due to housing shortages, people were also housed in the "pit". A partition installed in the pit separated between the animals and four bachelor residences, While Jacob Hankin and his wife lived above the ceiling, people lived in these strange and difficult conditions for about three years.

The site was established by the initiative and execution of the late Gideon Hankin, a descendant of the Bilus family.

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