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Sign-O-Pedia: Music

About the tag

Background

Music is an art expressed through sounds. The days of music as the days of mankind, when in the beginning music was mainly made by tapping with various means (stones, sticks, etc.).
Over the years and with the invention of additional musical instruments (string instruments , brass and more), the range of musical works expanded and of course their complexity as well.

Music is divided into different types, some of which will be detailed here:

Classical music
Some call her the "Queen of Music", works that began in the Middle Ages and continue to this day, when initially the works were mainly composed for religious ceremonies (masses, funeral prayers, prayers, etc.).
In order for the piece to be performed by different musicians, it was necessary to mark the sounds, their length, intensity and other parameters. This necessity created the musical notation (around the 16th century), which has not undergone significant changes to this day. Using this script it is possible to record works for various instruments, and even for a complete orchestra .

A very rough division of the types of classical music is one that accompanies the human voice, or one that is performed with musical instruments only.

The instrumental music can include works for one instrument (sonatas for piano, violin, etc.), works for several instruments (trios for piano, violin and cello, etc.) and works for a complete orchestra.

In the music that accompanies the human voice, the opera stars, in which a plot is dramatized, with songs (arias), vocal interludes (recitatives), all of which are accompanied by an orchestra of dozens of instruments. It is also possible to include songs accompanied by one instrument (usually piano) or more. The songs of Schubert (Lieds) are worth mentioning, he wrote more than 600 songs of well-known poets

Below we will mention factors related to classical music: composers, conductors, performers and more.

Composers
Without them there would be no music at all.
(The composers are listed according to their date of birth, in addition their country of birth is indicated)

Jean Baptiste Lully(1632-1687) France
| 6875| Paris - the house where he lived

Antonio Vivaldi (1741-1678) Italy
Vienna - statue dedicated to the composer, Vienna - the hotel he stayed in, Vienna - his burial place

Georg Friedrich Handel (1685-1759) Germany
London - one of the houses where the composer lived, from 1723 until his death.

Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714-1787) Germany
Vienna - a statue dedicated to the composer.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Austria
Vienna - Mozart monument

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Germany
- London - First performance of the Ninth Symphony
Tel Aviv - the notes of the fifth symphony

Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Austria
Vienna - the route of fame
Vienna - Schubert monument

Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) France
London - the house where the composer stayed in 1851

Juan Arriaga (1826-1806) Spain
Paris - the house where he died

Frederic Chopin (1810-1849) Poland
London - Chopin’s last concert

Franz Liszt (1811-1886) Hungary
Paris - the house he lived in when he was in Paris.

Richard Wagner (1813-1883) Germany
Vienna - the hotel where he stayed while performing his operas in the city
Paris - In 1860 Wagner came to Paris to supervise a new production of the opera "Tannhäuser", this is the house where he lived

Charles Gounod (1818-1893) France
Paris - home where he was born

Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880) Germany
Paris - the place where he wrote "Hoffman Stories" and where he died.

Johann Strauss (1825-1899) Austria
Vienna - the place where the brothers Johann and Josef Strauss studied

Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) Germany
Vienna - Johannes Brahms monument, Vienna - the route of fame

Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904) Czech Republic
Vienna - the hotel he stayed in

Leoš Janáček (1854-1928) Czech Republic
Vienna - the house where he stayed

Edward Elgar (1857-1934) Great Britain
London - Abbey Road Studios where the composer was recorded

Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) France
Paris - the house where he lived

Bela Bartok (1881-1945) Hungary
London - the house he lived in during his stay in the city
London - A statue of Béla Bartók, near the house where he lived. This is his image on the statue Click for a larger image

Alban Berg (1885-1935) Austria
Vienna - Alban Berg monument

Famous conductors
Leading the orchestra, their interpretation of the pieces can add value to the original piece
(The winners appear according to their date of birth, in addition, their country of birth is indicated)

Arturo Toscanini (1867-1957) Italy
Vienna

Sir Thomas Beecham (1879-1961) Great Britain
London, the house where he lived

Wilhelm Furtwängler (1886-1954) Germany
Vienna Walk of Fame

Hans Knappertsbusch (1888-1966) Germany
Vienna

Clemens Krauss (1893-1954) Austria
Vienna

Karl Böhm (1894-1981) Austria
Vienna

Herbert von Karajan (1908-1989) Austria
Vienna - a square named after him, Vienna the Walk of Fame

Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) United States
Tel Aviv - Leonard Bernstein Square

Artists
They are the ones who carry out the composer’s works (the artists are listed according to their date of birth, in addition their country of birth and the instrument they specialize in)

Kathleen Ferrier (1912-1953) Great Britain, col
London - the place where she lived

Leonie Rysanek (1926-1998) Austria, col
Vienna

Jacqueline du Pré (1945-1987) Great Britain, cello
- London - the house where she lived

Ken Sasaki (1943-1991) Japan, piano
Paris - the house where he lived

Vienna - the capital of music
Without a doubt Vienna, the capital of Austria can be considered the capital of classical music.
In addition to the fact that many composers were born in this city (Schubert, Johann Strauss, Schönberg, etc.), great composers flocked to it from all over Europe, where they lived and wrote their greatest works, and where they also ended their lives (Mozart, Beethoven, etc.).

The city of Vienna cherished the musicians who worked in its field, and in 2001 launched the "Walk of Fame" in which well-known composers and conductors are commemorated:
Alban Berg, Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss, Clemens Kraus, Karl Böhm, Giuseppe Verdi, Leonie Rizank, Hans Knappertsbusch, Herbert von Karajan, Anton Webern, Johann Strauss (Jr.), The Vienna Philharmonic, Johann Sebastian Bach, Pierre Boulez, Arturo Toscanini, Alexander von Zemlinsky, Paul Hindemith, Arnold Schönberg, Johannes Brahms, Anton Bruckner, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Franz Schubert

Pop, Rock
Music that flourished especially between the years 1960-1980, mainly in Great Britain and the United States. In this type of music there are many styles: heavy rock, progressive rock and many more.
The music is performed by bands usually of up to 5 members, or by soloists or duos. This type of music is mainly dominated by string instruments (guitars), and drums.

New York - The Bitter End - the oldest rock club in the city

Bee Gees Great Britain
London - the place where the members of the Bee Gees band stayed and worked

The Beatles Great Britain
Ramat Gan - yellow submarine
Buckingham - a performance at a boys’ school in 1963

Jimi Hendrix United States
London - the house he lived in while living in London.

Madness Great Britain
London

The Shadows Great Britain
London - the house where drummer Tony Meehan lived

Leonard Cohen Canada
New York - Chelsea Hotel - a place where he stayed, and even wrote a poem about it

Pink Floyd UK
London - the place where they studied and where they founded the rock band

The Kinks UK
London - Music Walk of Fame

Blues
Music originating from the singing of African slaves in the United States. A style that with the emancipation of the slaves began to spread throughout the United States and was a basis for rock and roll

Memphis - Mississippi’s blues circuit
Memphis - Pee Wee’s living room

Jazz
Music originating in the United States at the beginning of the twentieth century. African-American music that includes heavy use of wind instruments in addition to other instruments

Paris - Miles Davis

Grammy Awards
Award given by the Recording Academy of the United States. Given for musical achievements in various fields. Considered the most important award in the music industry.

London - Amy Winehouse
London - Soul II Soul
London - The Who
London - David Bowie

Schools and academies
New York - The Academy of Music and home of the New York Opera until 1926

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