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Sign: Tel Aviv - London Garden - The story of the illegal immigration - The ship "Patria"

Address:
London Garden, HaYarkon St 93, Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel
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On the sign:
בתקופת מלחמת העולם השנייה אירעו אסונות גדולים במבצעי ההעפלה. כ-1400 מעפילים טבעו עם ספינותיהם וכ- 1200 ניספו בדרכם לספינות

During World War II several major disasters happened that interfered with the plans of the Ha’apala (illegal immigration movement). About 1400 illegal immigrants drowned as their ships sank. About another 1200 died on their way to the ships.

[תמונה]
האוניה "פאטריה" טובעת במנל חיפה. 25 בנובמבר 1940
[Image]
"Patria" sank in the port of Haifa. November 25, 1940

פאטריה
בסוף שנת 1940 יצאו מווינה על נהר הדנובה שלוש ספינות מעפילים: "פסיפיק" "מילוס" ו"אטלנטיק" עם 3651 פליטים ששוחררו ממעצר, בתנאי כי יעזבו מיד את שטח הרייך הגרמני. לאחר הפלגה רבת תלאות בדנובה, בים השחור ובים התיכון הגיעו לחיפה שתי הספינות הראשונות "Pאסיפיק" ו"מילוס" ובהם 1771 עולים. הבריטים העבירו אותם לאנייה "פאטריה" שעגנה בנמל חיפה, כדי לגרשם לאי מאוריציוס שבאוקיינוס ההודי. האנייה חובלה ע"י אנשי ה"הגנה" כדי למנוע את הגירוש. כמות חומר הנפץ הייתה גדולה מדי והאנייה טבעה בנמל. כ-270 מעפילים טבעו. היתר הורשו להישאר בארץ.
הספינה השלישית הגיעה כעבור ימים אחדים, ובה 1880 מעפילים. השלטון הבריטי לא ויתר. מעפילים אלה גורשו לאי מאוריציוס ושהו שם חמש שנים. ב-1945 הותר להם לחזור לארץ, בהשאירם במאוריציוס בית עלמין ובו כ-130 מחבריהם.

Patria
"Pacific", "Milos" and "Atlantic", with 3651 refugees that had been released from custody on condition that they immediately leave the territory of German Reich. They faced many obstacles, sailing on the Danube, Black Sea and the Mediterranean. "Pacific" and "Milos" managed to reach Haifa, carrying 1771 immigrants. The British government transferred them to the"Patria", which was docked in Haifa, in order to deport them to the isle of Mauritius. The "Patria" was sabotaged by "Haganah" members in order to prevent the deportation. The quantity of explosives was too great and the ship sank in the harbour. About 270 illegal immigrants drowned. Those who survived were allowed to stay. The third ship arrived a few days later, carrying 1880 illegal immigrants. The British authorities didn’t give up. Those immigrants were deported to Mauritius and stayed there for five years. They were permitted to return to Eretz Israel in 1945, leaving buried in a cemetery in Mauritius about 130 of their group.




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Comments:
Part of the story of the "illegal immigration" that stretches along the silhouettes of the Ships in London Garden.

The following picture shows the series in which the current sign is on one side of the ships in the London Garden Click for a larger image

The following photo taken from the sign shows the sinking of the ship "Patria" Click for a larger image




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