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Sign: Emmaus Nicopolis - Winepress for wine treading

Latrun Interchange - Ayyalon-Canada Park
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On the sign:
בית גת לדריכת יין
הגת שלפניך נעשתה על ידי אנשי העיר הרומית-ביזאנטית אמאוס, ששכנה באזור הכניסה לפארק. יבול הענבים הונח על גבי המשטחים הצמודים לגת. דריכת הענבים נעשתה ברגלים על פני רצפת הפסיפס של הגת העליונה, ומשם זרם מיץ הענבים דרך הצנור לגת התחתונה. לסחיטה נוספת שמש בור חצוב במרכז משטח הדריכה. פעולת הסחיטה נעשתה בעזרת משקולת אבן כבדה שהותאמה לבור במיוחד.
גת משוכללת זו שמשה כרמים רבים והיתה מעין בית חרושת לייצור יין. הגת מאפיינת את הפריחה החקלאית של ארץ-ישראל בתקופה הרומית-ביזאנטית.
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The winepress was photographed that day by the same photographer Click for a larger image

Emmaus Nicopolis - a district city from 220 AD, where Jews and Samaritans also lived alongside Christians. Beginning in the fourth century AD, the Christian presence in the city increased, a church was established there, and according to Christianity, Jesus was revealed to two of his disciples after his resurrection. The site is located in Ayalon-Canada Park

Translation of the text on the sign:
Winepress for wine treading
The winepress in front of you was made by the people of the Roman-Byzantine city of Emmaus, which was located in the entrance area of the park. The grape crop was placed on the surfaces adjacent to the winepress. The grapes were trodden on foot across the mosaic floor of the upper winepress, and from there the grape juice flowed through the pipe to the lower winepress. For further squeezing, a hewn pit was used in the center of the treading floor. The squeezing operation was done with the help of a heavy stone weight that was specially adapted for the pit.
This elaborate winepress was used by many vineyards and was a kind of factory for wine production. The winepress characterizes the agricultural flowering of Israel in the Roman-Byzantine period.

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