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Sign: Modi’in - Giv’at HaTitora - The crunching facility

Giv’at HaTitora, Derech Yigal Alon, Modi’in-Maccabim-Re’ut, Israel
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On the sign:
סמל רשות העתיקות
סמל מיתוג של עיריית מודיעין מכבים רעות

מתקן הפריכה
המפרכה - מתקן לריסוק זיתים - מכונה גם ’ריחיים של זיתים’ (משנה זבדים ד, ג [צ"ל זבים ד, ב]). מורכב משני חלקי אבן שבהם שולבו ציר ויצול מעץ: אבן תחתונה - אגן הריסוק, שעליה הונחו הזיתים ואבן עליונה - המרסק, דמוית גלגל, שריסקה את הזיתים. הפעלת המתקן התבצעה בכוח בהמה ולעתים גם בכוח אדם. ראשיתם של מתקנים מטיפוס זה כנראה בתקופה הפרסית (סוף המאה הד’ לפני הספירה).
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The exhibit is part of the archeological garden at Givat Hatitora Click for sign's details

The crunching facility was photographed that day by the same photographer Click for a larger image Click for a larger image

Another crunch facility is located in the archeological garden in Azor Click for sign's details

Translation of the text on the sign:
Symbol of the Israel Antiquities Authority
Branding symbol of the Modiin Maccabim Reut Municipality

The crunching facility
The crushing stone - a device for crushing olives - is also known as ’millstones of olives’ (Mishnah Zavim 4, 2). Consists of two parts of stone in which a hinge and a wooden shaft were combined: a lower stone - the crushing basin, on which the olives were placed and an upper stone - the crusher, wheel-shaped, which crushed the olives. The facility was operated by animal power and sometimes also by manpower. The beginnings of facilities of this type are probably in the Persian period (late 4th century BC).

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