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Sign: Modi’in - Giv’at HaTitora - Beam and weights press


Address:
Giv’at HaTitora, Derech Yigal Alon, Modi’in-Maccabim-Re’ut, Israel
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On the sign:
סמל רשות העתיקות
סמל מיתוג של עיריית מודיעין מכבים רעות

מכבש קורה ומשקולות
מתקן הכבישה הורכב מקורת עץ, משטח כבישה, משקולות ובור איסוף. על משטח הכבישה הונחו, זה על גבי זה, סלים (עקלים) ובהם עיסת זיתים מרוסקים. מעליהם הונח לוח עץ שעליו הושענה קורת עץ גדולה. הקצה האחורי של הקורה קובע בתוך גומחה בקיר, ועל הקצה הקדמי נתלו משקולות אבן. הקורה נועדה להעצים את משקל המשקולות.
בפעולת הכבישה נסחט המוהל וזרם אל בור האיסוף. קורת בית הבד היא המקור לשמו העברי של המתקן להפקת השמן (קורה = בד). מכבשי קורה ומשקולות שימשו בבתי בד בארץ ישראל בתקופות ההלניסטית והרומית (המאה הד’ לפני הספירה עד המאה הד’ לספירה).
Photography:
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Comments:
The exhibit is part of the archeological garden at Givat Hatitora Click for sign's details

The press was photographed that day by the same photographer Click for a larger image

Another Beam and weights press is located in the archeological garden in Azor Click for sign's details

Translation of the text on the sign:
Symbol of the Israel Antiquities Authority
Branding symbol of the Modiin Maccabim Reut Municipality

Beam and weights press
A pickling rig facility consisted of a wooden beam, pick-up surface, weights and a collection pit. On the pickling surface were placed, on top of each other, baskets (curls) containing crushed olive pulp. Above them was placed a wooden board on which a large wooden beam was supported. The back end of the beam sets within a niche in the wall, and stone weights were hung on the front end. The beam is designed to strengthen the weight of the weights.
During the pressing operation, the sap was squeezed and flowed into the collection pit. The beam of the oil mill is the source of the Hebrew name of the oil production facility (beam = "Bad" in Hebrew). Beam presses and weights were used in Oil mills in Israel during the Hellenistic and Roman periods (4th century BCE to 4th century CE).



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