The sign is a continuation of another sign depicting the hill Click for sign's details Translation of the text on the sign
Although the hill is near a built-up area, it has a variety of Mediterranean animals typical of the northern lowlands of Judea: the common fox, the common spur and dozens of species of migratory and nesting birds.
There are also various reptiles on the hill: Common chameleon, hardun, Sheltopusik, Günther’s cylindrical skink (a rare and endangered species), as well as butterflies and insects.
A sparrow / a common fox / a butterfly / a hardun History and Archeology
According to archeological finds, the hill has been inhabited almost continuously for 6,000 years, and it dominates two ancient and important roads that connected the coastal plain to Jerusalem. This location and the large and unusual amount of water cisterns in it, about 70, strengthen the hypothesis that the settlement that took place here served in some periods as a station for pilgrims on their way to the Holy City.
As early as the 19th century, archaeologists such as Robinson, Gran, Clermont-Geno and PEF researchers - the British Foundation for the Study of Palestine - studied the hill. In 1970, a number of archeological surveys were conducted there, and from the mid-1990s, prior to the construction of the city of Modi’in, many rescue excavations were carried out on and around the hill. The findings indicate that the first settlement was in the Chalcolithic period, and continued in the Bronze, Iron, Persian, Hellenistic (including the Hasmonean), Roman, Byzantine, Early Islamic, Crusader-Ayyubid, Mamluk and Ottoman periods.