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Sign: Holon - Heritage Sites in Israel - "Barrel Line"


Address:
HaManor, Holon, Israel
City:
Country:
Shape:
Material:
Placement:
Click here for a map that contains other items in the area

Click here for a map that contains other items in the area.
On the sign:
סמל המועצה לשימור אתרי מורשת בישראל
סמל משרד התרבות והספורט
סמל העיר חולון

"קו החביות"
בתחילת שנת 1948, כאשר הערבים שישבו לצד כביש יפו-ירושלים פתחו בירי על מכוניות של יהודים שנסעו בדרך, היה צריך לסלול דרך שתעקוף את היישובים הערבים.
"דרך הביטחון" בחולון, נסללה על ידי מהנדסי "אגרובנק", שפרסו רשתות ברזל ויצקו משטחי בטון. תחילת הדרך הייתה בשכונת עזרא בדרום תל אביב. בהמשך חצתה על גשר עץ את ואדי מוסררה (נחל איילון), נכנסה אל שטח בית הספר החקלאי "מקווה ישראל", המשיכה דרומה לאורך רחוב חנקין, חלפה על פני "חוסמסה" (היום מוזיאון "יד להגנה"), עברה בין בתי שכונת "מולדת" והמשיכה מזרחה לפרדסי נחלת יהודה.
מאחר שהירי והמיקוש הערבי נמשכו, היה צריך להסיט את הדרך דרומה, לעבר בתי שכונת "עזרא וביצרון" (רמת אליהו כיום). הדרך עברה דרך חולות נודדים, וכדי למנוע את כיסוי הכביש על ידי החולות, הניחו ממערב לדרך, בכמה קומות, שורות של חביות, שבהן הביאו את הזפת לסלילה. כך יצרו את "קו החביות".
הדרך המשיכה לראשון לציון, רחובות, חולדה וירושלים. בדרך זו גם נסעו שיירות אל הנגב הנצור.
על "דרך הביטחון" הגנו לוחמי חטיבת גבעתי. הדרך סייעה ותרמה רבות לעמידת היישוב היהודי בתש"ח (1948), בחודשי המלחמה הראשונים.

[תמונה ומפה בה מצויין קו החביות]
Photography:
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Comments:
The sign shape is rectangular but its head is designed according to the silhouette of the old building of the Gymnasia Herzliya, which serves as a logo of the Council for the Preservation of Heritage Sites in Israel

A number of barrels left over from the barrel line, and located near the sign were photographed that day Click for a larger image

The "Security Road" is immortalized on another heritage sign, with almost identical text, while in the map attached to the sign you can clearly see the barrel line Click for sign's details

You can see the map in the following picture Click for a larger image

The security road is also indicated on a sign located in Mikve Israel Click for sign's details

Translation of the text on the sign:
Symbol of the Council for the Preservation of Israeli Heritage Sites
The emblem of the Ministry of Culture and Sport
Holon city emblem

"Barrel Line"
At the beginning of 1948, when the Arabs sitting next to the Jaffa-Jerusalem road opened fire on the cars of Jews traveling on the road, a road had to be paved to bypass the Arab settlements.
The "Security Road" in Holon was paved by Agrobank engineers, who deployed iron nets and poured concrete surfaces. The beginning was in the Ezra neighborhood in south Tel Aviv. Later, she crossed a wooden bridge over Wadi Musrara (Nahal Ayalon), entered the area of ​​the "Mikve Israel" agricultural school, continued south along Henkin Street, passed "Hosmasa" (today the "Yad Hagana" museum), passed between the houses of the neighborhood "Moledet" and continued east to the orchards of Nahalat Yehuda.
As the Arab firing and barrage continued, the road had to be diverted south, towards the houses of the "Ezra and Bitzaron" neighborhood (Ramat Eliyahu today). The road passed through migrating sands, and to prevent the road from being covered by the sands, rows of barrels were placed west of the road, on several floors, in which the tar was brought to paving. This is how they created the "barrel line".
The road continued to Rishon Lezion, Rehovot, Hulda and Jerusalem. In this way, convoys also traveled to the besieged Negev.
The Givati ​​Brigade fighters defended the "Security Road". The road helped and contributed greatly to the Jewish community’s standing in 1948, during the first months of the war.

[Image and map indicating the barrel line]



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