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Sign: Neot Kedumim Park - Shaduf

Modi’in-Maccabim-Re’ut, Israel
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On the sign:
סמל פארק נאות קדומים
Emblem of Neot Kedumim Park

הַקִילוֹן מסייע בהעלאת מים ממפלס נמוך לגבוה. מקורו במצרים, שם המציאו שיטות להעלות מיס מן הנילוס. הקילון עשוי ממוט עץ המשמש כמנוף הנע על ציר, ובקצהו דלי לשאיבת מים מן הבאר או הבריכה.

הקילון נזכר במשנה בעניין איסור עבודה חקלאית בשנת שמיטה: "משקין בית השלחין במועד ובשביעית, בין ממעיין שיצא כתחילה, בין ממעיין שלא יצא כתחילה; אבל אין משקין לא ממי הגשמים, ולא ממי הקילון" (משנה, מועד קטן, א’ א’).

Shaduf (kilon)
A Shaduf (kilon) is a device that assists in drawing low-level water and bringing it to higher ground. It originated in Egypt where several methods to draw water from the Nile were invented. The kilon is made out of a wooden beam, used as lever that moves on an axis, with a bucket at one end to draw water from a well or pool.

The kilon is mentioned in the Mishnah regarding the prohibition on farming during a shmita year (sabbatical year of the land): "An irrigated field may be watered during the festival or in the sabbatical year both froma newly-emerging spring and from a spring that is not just emerged, but not with water from stored rain, nor from a kilon (Mishnah, Moed Katan 1:1).
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The Shaduf was taken the same day by the same photographer (on the right side of the photo, to the right of the sign) Click for a larger image

Neot Kedumim Park is a park that tries to restore the vegetation that existed in the Bible period

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