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Sign: Azor - Archaeological Garden - Wooden beam and weights squeezing device

Ha-Histadrut St 11, Azor, Israel
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On the sign:
מתקן סחיטה קורה ומשקולות
מתקן הסחיטה בבית הבד מורכב ממצע כבישה (1), קורת עץ (2), משקולות (3) ובור איגום (4)
על מצע הכבישה סודרו העקלים בערמה זה על גבי זה, ומעליהם הונחה קורת עץ שלחצה אותם בכוח משקלה וסחטה מתוכם את המוהל שזרם לבור האיגום. קצה אחד של הקורה קובע בתוך גומחה בקיר ועל הקצה השני שלה נתלו באמצעות חבל משקולות אבן כבדות, שהגבירו במידה רבה את הלחץ.

מצע כבישה
מוצא לא ידוע
מס’ רשות 2005-780

משקולת קורה
מוצא גוש חלב
התקופות רומית-הביזנטית (המאות הא’ - הז’ לספירה)
אבן גיר
מס’ רשות 1994-2599

משקולת קורה
מוצא רמה
התקופות רומית-הביזנטית (המאות הא’-הז’ לספירה)
אבן גיר
מס’ רשות 1996-1209
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The sign is part of a display located in the archeological garden in Azor (in the area of the Citadel of the Plain - Chateau de Plan)

The devices depicted on the sign were photographed that day Click for a larger image

Wooden beam and weights squeezing device is located in the archeological garden at Givat Hatitora - Modi’in Click for sign's details

Translation of the text on the sign:

Wooden beam and weights squeezing device
The squeezing device in the oil mill consists of a pickling substrate (1), a wooden beam (2), weights (3) and a collecting tank (4)
On the pickling substrate, the baskets were arranged in a pile on top of each other, and a wooden beam was placed on top of them, which pressed them with its weight and squeezed the sap that flowed into the collecting vat. One end of the beam sets within a niche in the wall and on its other end were hung using a rope heavy stone weights, which greatly increased the pressure.

Pickling substrate
Unknown origin
Authority No. 2005-780

Origin from Goush Halav
Roman-Byzantine Periods (1st - 7th Centuries CE)
Authority No. 1994-2599

Origin from Ramah
Roman-Byzantine periods (1st-7th centuries AD)
Authority No. 1996-1209

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